|New toolkit on Biocultural Community Protocols for community facilitators
Natural Justice and partners have recently put together a toolkit on biocultural community protocols for community facilitators. Biocultural community protocols may serve as a platform for communities to engage with external actors such as government agencies, researchers, NGOs, and the private sector according to their own terms, plans, priorities, and rights and responsibilities. Articulating identity and ways of life, systems of stewardship, customary values and laws, and procedures for engagement can catalyze constructive dialogue and collaboration in locally appropriate ways. The process of documenting, developing, and using a biocultural community protocol can involve a number of participatory approaches. Building on years of experience with such methods and tools, a number of partners in Asia, Africa, and Latin America have collaborated to produce the toolkit which is available for download at www.community-protocols.org/toolkit.
New case study on the right to culture of the Agikuyu of the Karima Sacred Forest in Kenya
This case study explores the work of Porini, a Kenyan association according to whom effective environmental conservation is a function of cultural wisdom and commitment from local communities. Indeed, despite Kenya having some good laws on environmental protection, degradation continues unabated, and where cultural norms on conservation are upheld, local environments continue to thrive and their integrity is sustained. The organisation thus abides by the fact that environmental and natural resource conservation and cultural and social considerations are inter-dependent and that to develop sustainable environmental management practices, decision-makers should turn to the place´s and the community´s story of origin. This case study focuses on the cultural rights and traditions of the Agikuyu people who live near Karima Forest.
Rights and Climate Change
The Human Rights Dimension of REDD
By Annalisa Savaresi, 21 (2) RECIEL, 102-113, July 2012. Since 2007, Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have been negotiating ‘policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries’, commonly referred to as ‘REDD’. Although the mechanism remains in fieri at the time of writing, this article analyzes areas of overlap between REDD and international instruments dealing with the protection of human rights. Far from being merely a theoretical question, this issue has attracted increasing attention as negotiations on REDD progressed. The article gives an account of this ongoing debate, and investigates the scope to create synergies between REDD and human rights instruments.
No need to reinvent the wheel for a human rights-based approach to tackling climate change: The contribution of international biodiversity law
This chapter provides a systematic analysis of the ways in which international biodiversity law contributes to the fight against climate change by assessing and preventing the negative impacts on biodiversity and community livelihoods of measures to address climate change (‘response measures’), and adopting the ecosystem approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation. In highlighting readily available legal avenues for ensuring the mutual supportiveness of the international biodiversity regime and the international climate change regime, the chapter argues that positive interaction between the two regimes can promote a human rights-based approach to the development of the international climate change regime and its implementation at the national level.
Erkki Hollo, Kati Kulovesi and Michael Mehling (eds.), Climate Change and the Law: A Global Perspective (Springer, forthcoming 2012)
Climate Change and Migration: Security and Borders in a Warming World
The book is at the intersection of three fields - environmental studies, security studies, and immigration studies - and challenges conventional policy notions about unauthorized migration to the North Atlantic region. It focuses especially on African emigration to Europe via North African "transit states" such as Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya, and casts a skeptical eye on Africa as a future source of climate-induced migration (CIM). The book argues that CIM has been increasingly and unduly framed as a security concern by policymakers and security analysts. But the approach does not address more fundamental issues, such as the complicated relationship between climate change and migration. It also takes crucial energy and political capital away from efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to climate change, and pursue development strategies that have environmental concerns at their core. By Gergory White (Oxford University Press, 2011)
Other recent publications
Indigenous Resource Management Systems: A holistic approach to nature and livelihoods
This article argues that indigenous resource management systems are not only well poised to reduce deforestation rates but also to provide a rich array of experiences, expertise, and practices that can significantly contribute to protecting biodiversity, food security, and sustainable livelihoods in indigenous communities, as well as finding answers to climate change challenges. The full article can be read here and there is a form below the article for replies. Maurizio Farhan-Ferrari, Coordinator of FPP's Environmental Governance Programme, was recently published on the Landscapes Blog for People, Food and Nature
Human Rights to Environment in India
The book mainly concentrates on emerging dimensions of the scope and ambit of the right to environment in India under international, national and regional scenario. The Book sets out the polemics of global, federal and local environmental law and management to find protection of regional problems of pollution. Under the light of ‘think globally and act locally’ and agenda 21, the book tried to solve local environmental problems by adopting community oriented environmental governance. The book has covered an important aspect of human right to environment that is the role played by the higher Judiciary in the emergence of the right. By Mohd. Sharif Uddin, 2012, Mittal Publications®
The Right to Water and Sanitation in Europe
This book describes the right to water as implemented in Europe (European Union law and regional treaties) as well as in 17 European countries. It describes national laws concerning access to drinking water and sanitation as well as current inadequacies.
Half of the papers are in English and half in French. Henri Smets, January 2012, Ed. Johanet
Biodiversity and Health
Humans receive a wealth of benefits from ecosystems. These are described as ‘ecosystem services’ and include physical products, such as food and medicines, as well as useful services such as pollination of crop plants and climate regulation. Many ecosystem services do not have market prices and their economic value can be estimated only by indirect methods. There is growing recognition of the need to value ecosystem services, even if this is more difficult for regulation services than for physical products. An emerging body of research is now uncovering a hugely important range of ecosystem services: the benefits of biodiversity for human health. Science for Environment Policy, Issue Number 2, October 2011
Forests and People: Property, governance and human rights
A human rights-based agenda has received significant attention in writings on general development policy, but less so in forestry. Forests and People presents a comprehensive analysis of the rights-based agenda in forestry, connecting it with existing work on tenure reform, governance rights, and cultural rights. by Johannes Stahl, Edited by Thomas Sikor, Published August 8th 2011 by Routledge, 254 p.
What Rights? Measuring the Depth of Indigenous Peoples and Community Forest Tenure
This brief presents some preliminary results of a legal analysis conducted by RRI to provide a fuller picture of Indigenous Peoples and community forest tenure rights globally. This analysis unpacks the collective rights to forestland and forest resources held by communities and codified in law. RRI has developed a database monitoring the dynamics of statutory forest tenure rights over time in approximately 45 forested countries covering more than 90% of the world’s forests. The present legal analysis complements the tenure distribution data by clarifying what legal rights are associated with Indigenous Peoples community forest tenure regimes.
Fernanda Almeida, Jeffrey Hatcher - July 2011, Rights and Resources Initiative
Critical Review of Selected Forest Regulatory Initiatives: Applying a Rights Perspective
In the Asia-Pacific region, millions of people live within or dwell near forests. For many of them, their wellbeing is dependent upon access to forest lands and forest resources, yet their customary rights and rights to basic human needs are often denied by national forest regulatory frameworks. This report brings together four studies that evaluate regulatory initiatives with implications for forest-dependent communities from a rights-based perspective. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) - Editor: Scheyvens, Henry. Authors: Ashish Kothari; Neema Pathak; Arshiya Bose; Lim Teck Wyn; Robert J. Fisher; Peter W. Walpole and Dallay Annawi; 2011/01